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AI Watch

Sweden: Public Sector dimension of AI Strategy


This page reports a synthesis of the main elements that characterise the national AI strategy with a specific focus on the public sector. It extracts the information related to a single country from a comparative analysis done by the AI Watch team and reported in full in the science for policy report “AI Watch. European Landscape on the Use of Artificial Intelligence by the Public Sector”.

Main highlights

  • AI can contribute to a more effective public sector
  • AI knowledge and expertise should be present in government agencies or accessible through the collaborative networks
  • Pilot projects, testbeds and environments should be introduced to stimulate uptake in the public sector
  • Ethical and regulatory framework will be introduced to mitigate ethical risks
  • Need to develop collaborations and partnerships with other European countries

Strategy analysis

Learning by doing

  • Regulatory Sandboxes AI
  • Pilot Projects

Stimulating awareness and knowledge sharing

  • Building an international community

Ethical and legal framework

  • Development of ethical frameworks

Improving data access and quality

  • Improving data quality
  • Improving data access

Funding and procurement

  • n/a

Improving internal capacity

  • Training on AI


In order to accelerate the introduction of AI, it is mentioned that Sweden needs pilot projects, testbeds and environments for the development of AI in the public sector.

Sweden aims to take the lead in ethical, safe, secure and sustainable use of AI. Therefore, an ethical and regulatory framework is required with principles, norms, standards and rules to balance fundamental needs for privacy, ethics, trust and social protection with access to the data needed for AI.

The strategy recognises data as the lifeblood of AI. It also highlight that the Swedish public sector already has a high amount of high quality data. Hence the usage of those data for AI development is considered a key aspect.

General information


A National Approach to Artificial Intelligence

Data of release

May 2018

Specific actions to public sector

Key condition 2: Research. Sweden needs strong collaboration between business, the public sector and research in AI.
Key condition 3: Innovation and use. Sweden needs pilot projects, testbeds and environments for development of AI applications in the public sector.